Afghanistan is a landlocked country of South-Central Asia. The country extends about 600 miles (970 km) from north to south and about 800 miles (1,300 km) from east to west, including the very narrow Wakhan, a corridor of 150 miles (241 km) long connecting Afghanistan with China. Afghanistan is also bordered on the south and southeast byPakistan, on the west by Iran, and on the north by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. Its total area is 652, 900 square km.
Natural resources of Afghanistan include the natural gas, with large reserves near Sheberghan in Jowzjan province, near the Turkmen border, about 75 miles west of Mazar-e-Sharif. The Khwajeh Gugerdak and Yatim Taq fields are major producers, with storage and refining facilities. Pipelines deliver natural gas to Uzbekistan and Tajikistan and to a thermal power plant and chemical fertilizer plant in Mazar-e-Sharif.Petroleum resources have proved to be insignificant. Many coal deposits have been found in the northern slopes of the Hindu Kush. Major coalfields are at Karkar and Eshposhteh, in Baghlan province, and Fort Sarkari, in Balkh province.