The Islamic Republic of Iran, as the world's 17th largest country,is located in an area of 1,648,196 sq. km in the South-West Asia. The Country is bordered on the north by Turkmenistan, the Caspian Sea, Armenia and Republic of Azerbaijan, on the east by Pakistan and Afghanistan, on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and on the west by Turkey and Iraq. One of the main geographical characteristics of Iran is it's climatic specialty, meaning that four seasons temperature may be seen simultaneously in different parts of the country.
The Executive power is headed by the President, who is elected for a 4-year term through direct popular vote. The President, Vice Presidents and Ministers constitute the Cabinet. The Ministers obtain the vote of confidence from the Islamic Consultative Assembly. Being appointed by the Leader, the Head of the Judicial Power is the highest judicial authority. He nominates the Minister of Justice to the President as a member of Cabinet. About one-eighth of the country is forested, mostly near the Caspian Sea, with oak, beech, linden, elm, and a few broad-leafed evergreens. The abundant wildlife of the country includes wolves, foxes, leopards, lynx, gazelles, and deer as well as goats and sheep.