Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the central and north‑western part of Central Asia in the inter-stream area of Amudarya and Syrdarya. In the north and north/west, Uzbekistan borders with Kazakhstan, in the east and south/east with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, in the south with Afghanistan and in the south west with Turkmenistan. By its total area 448,900 square km, Uzbekistan surpasses such European States as Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, Switzerland and Austria takentogether.
Uzbekistan is an important region dealing with growing of astrakhan and silkworm. The Republic takes a leading place among the regional countries in the output of fruits, vegetables and grapes. The Republic has big reserves of minerals. By copper reserves the Republic is in the 10-11 place in the world, by reserves of uranium - in the 7-8 place. In the Country's subsoils there are huge reserves of oil and gas. About 60 % of the Country’s territory are prospective for their recovery. Uzbekistan possesses large reserves of coal as well. The Republic is amongst the countries which possess the biggest resources of gold, silver and other precious and rare-earth metals. It has its own silver deposits. Uzbekistan is rich in the reserves of non-ferrous metals, copper, lead, zinc, tungsten, rhenium and others. In the Country there are disposed deposits of marble, granite and gabbro. The Republic is rich in phosphorites and has the largest deposits of potash and rock salt.